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List of Temples of Cybele and Sites Important to Cybelines

Complied by Caillean McMahon

Rome, Italy

Portions of walls and peristyle columns visible, most of the original statue of cybele intact nearby. Base is volcanic stone, walls are stucco, built into bedrock of Palatine Hill, podium is concrete. Temple was corinthian hexastyle peristyle.

Rome, Italy

The Pantheon was dedicated by the Emperor Hadrian to Cybele primarily and secondarily to the other Roman deities. Given by Emperor Phocus to Pope Boniface IV after re-conquering the city. Boniface consecrated it to "the Virgin Mary and all of the saints" to counter Hadrian's original dedication. In use as a Catholic Church.

Ostia, Italy

Intact temple statue of cybele, also statue of Attis. Temple platform is visible.

Pozzuoli (Cumae) Italy

Foundation, column bases, podium remain. Site largely overgrown

Gulbache (Priene) Turkey

Temples of Demeter, Athena, Zues and Cybele exist, recognizable ruins though of the temples that of Cybele is least recognizable as having been a structure.

Pessinus, Turkey(Phrygia)

Once the most important temple, suprisingly small. Intact theatre next to the temple that was formed from temple steps present as well.

Sardis(Ephesus), Turkey

The Temple or Artemis Cybele was one of the wonders of the ancient world. Some stone work remains from the second temple, the foundation is from the original temple. Marble from the temple used to construct Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, though rumors said the curse of Cybele would follow the stone. A pit near the temple contained the remains of countless broken images of the Goddess destroyed by Christian, and two intact figures.

Midas, Turkey

Temple-cave with impressive facade carved into rock

Yzmir(Smyrna) Turkey

Statuary in local museum, no temple ruins remain

Bergama (Pergamon) Turkey

Ruins of small temple to Cybele on southern flank of acropolis.

Claros, Turkey

Sacred cave used in worship of Cybele near Temple of Apollo

Manisa, Turkey

Rock cut relief of Cybele

London and York, UK

Altars dedicated to Cybele found in both cities

Carvoran, UK

Altar with inscription

Chesters, UK

Statue with head and arms missing, standing on large animal

Catterick, UK

Site of tomb of galla priestess wearing elaborate jewelry including 600 bead anklet, jet necklace and bracelet. Close to Hadrian's Wall.

High Conniscliffe, UK.

Tablet at St Edwin's Church depicting gallae priestesses. The adjoining region, Valley House, is believed to be a corruption of galli house, referring to priestess residence. St Edwin's is a lofty , rocky region with tunnels and caves.

Athens, Greece

The foundation of the temple, which was also the Athenian archieves, remains on the hillside below the parthenon. The building was originally the old bouleterion, or senate, of Athens. Foundation visible. Plans of the building are known.

Daskalopetra, Isle of Chios

Cubic altar of 1 metre with worn out bas relief adjacent to "Homer's Stone and carved from the same rock. The Homer's stone has seats in the periphery and sculped lion's claws(Lion was Cybele's animal)

Mainz, Germany

Temple of Isis-Cybele. Supported by the Emperor Vespacian. Remains of three dining rooms adjacent to the temple. Structures constructed 70 CE

Vienne France

Excavated temple foundation and theatre, stone foundation of the temple reveals the typical 2 side aisles and central(marriage) chamber,

Palenville, NY, USA

Outdoor temple with altar and wooden gateways located at equidistant arc degrees in a circle. Historically significant as the first use of the ritual drumming rhythm in over 1600 yrs took place in a ceremony here in 2003(2756 auc). The only known current Phrygianum(residence of priestesses) is located on the property.

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